The Green Party

Article

December 6, 2021

The Green Party (MP), usually the Green Party, is a political party in Sweden, formed in 1981. The party grew mainly from the environmental movement and the peace movement and was originally a reaction to the nuclear vote, bloc politics and what was perceived as lack of participatory democracy and equality in other parties. Its emergence was inspired by other green parties such as the German Die Grünen, which embraces the green ideology. The party's ballot papers state the party designation Miljöpartiet de gröna. The Green Party has a female and a male party leader, called spokespersons, who (since January 2021) are Märta Stenevi and Per Bolund. The party is the smallest in the Riksdag, with 16 seats out of 349, after receiving 4.41 percent of the votes in the 2018 parliamentary elections. In the 2019 European Parliament elections, the Green Party received 2 seats, after receiving 11.52 percent of the votes. In Parliament, the Green Party is part of the Group of the Greens / European Free Alliance (G / EFA). The party is a member of the European Green Party. The Green Party has its strongest support in the metropolitan regions of Stockholm and Gothenburg municipalities' parliamentary constituencies, among highly educated voters and among young women. The Social Democrats. In November 2021, the Green Party left the government co-operation as a result of the budget of the Moderates, Sweden Democrats and Christian Democrats in the Riksdag. Already in the election campaign ahead of the 2010 parliamentary elections, the party collaborated with the Social Democrats and the Left Party as the Red-Greens. In 2011, however, the party made a settlement on migration issues with the bourgeois Government Reinfeldt. Between 1998 and 2006, the Green Party had a parliamentary collaboration with the Social Democratic Government Persson and the Left Party.

Politics and visions in brief

On its website (2018), the Green Party highlights four areas as particularly important. Firstly, environmental policy, where the Green Party wants to protect forests, the sea and biodiversity. But also that the Green Party wants to invest in organic food, renewable energy, sustainable transport and a green economy. Secondly, climate policy, where the Green Party wants Sweden to increase the pace of becoming fossil-free. Thirdly, school and education, where the Green Party wants to invest in early intervention, better conditions and higher salaries for teachers as well as increased equality between and in schools. And fourthly, migration and equal rights, where the Green Party emphasizes its vision of a world without borders "where everyone can move, but no one is forced to flee".

History

Formation

The initiative to form a new party came largely from Per Gahrton, former Member of Parliament for the People's Party (now the Liberals) and chairman of the People's Party's Youth Union, FPU (now the Liberal Youth Union). In 1980, Gahrton published the book A Future Party is Needed, and at about the same time, the Action Group for a Future and Environmental Party was formed. The Riksdag parties' way of handling the referendum on nuclear power in 1980 also played a major role. The Green Party also had a background from local parties with a green profile that existed before Per Gahrton took his initiative, mainly the Stockholm Party which had a role as wave leader between the blocs in Stockholm City Council and local parties in Skåne. [Source needed] in various environmental groups (environmental movement), peace groups (peace movement), tenants' associations, animal rights organizations, etc.

1982–1997

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