Presidential elections in France 2022
The presidential election in France 2022 is scheduled to be held on April 10, 2022. If no candidate wins an absolute majority of the votes cast, a second round of elections will be held on April 24. Parliamentary elections will be held on 12 and 19 June 2022, provided that the National Assembly is not dissolved before then. The current president is Emmanuel Macron, whose term ends on May 13, 2022.
Under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, presidential elections are held by direct ballot among all eligible voters. Elections have been held every five years since 2002. To be elected president, a candidate must have received at least half of the votes in the election. Otherwise, a second round of elections will be held fourteen days later, where only the two candidates who received the most votes in the first round of elections may participate. It is possible to waive your candidacy, but in practice it is more common for the parties of the defeated candidates to stand behind the candidate they think is closest to their own values.
To qualify as a candidate in the presidential election, it is assumed that the person has been nominated by at least 500 citizens who hold certain popularly elected positions, often called sponsorship (French: parrainage). These are members of Parliament, the Regional Assembly, the Council of Ministers, the overseas territories and the parliamentary assemblies of the territories, and the Council of Foreigners of the Council of Foreigners. However, the largest group of sponsors is found among mayors and deputy mayors, district mayors in Paris, Lyon and Marseille, and chairmen of some other city and county councils. The persons nominating the presidential candidates must represent at least 30 different ministries, and a maximum of 10% may represent one and the same ministry. One and the same person may hold office for a maximum of two consecutive terms. This means that Emmanuel Macron can run in the 2022 election, but that he must then leave the presidency before he can be re-elected president.
The first round of elections in France's 2017 presidential election took place on April 23. No candidate received his own majority in the first round, which meant that the two candidates who received the most votes - the independent center-right politician Emmanuel Macron with 24.0% and the nationalist Marine Le Pen with 21.3% - had to meet in a second round on 7 May 2017. Macron defeated Le Pen by 66.10 percent of the vote and was installed on May 14, 2017. The presidential election was followed by parliamentary elections on June 11 and 18 of the same year.
Formally, the nomination of candidates does not begin until the day after the election is announced, which is expected to take place at the beginning of 2022. Until then, primary elections and other forms of nomination processes within the parties are ongoing. The following table shows the main candidates who in September 2021 stated that they intend to run in the election. In September 2021, the incumbent president, Emmanuel Macron, had not yet announced whether he would run for another term.
"Constitution de la République française" (in French). National Assembly of the French Republic. October 4, 1958. https://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/connaissance/constitution.asp#titre_2. Read October 2, 2021.
“Law n ° 62-1292 of 6 November 1962 in relation to the election of the President of the Republic on universal suffrage” (på franska). legifrance.gouv.fr. French Government. November 6, 1962. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/id/JORFTEXT000000684037/. Read October 5, 2021.
"Constitutional Law No. 2000-964 of October 2, 2000 Relating to the Duration of the President of the Republic" (in French). legifrance.gouv.fr. French Government. October 2, 2000. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/loda/id/JORFTEXT000000219201/2021-10-05/. Read October 5, 2021.