Swedish Government

Article

December 6, 2021

The Government of Sweden (Government), formally the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden, before 1 January 1975, officially named the King. Maj: t or the Government, is Sweden's highest executive authority. The government consists of the Prime Minister and other ministers. The Government is collectively responsible to the Riksdag and must, in accordance with the basic principle of parliamentarism, be tolerated by the Riksdag in order to survive. In Sweden, however, negative parliamentary trust prevails, which means that a government can operate as long as it does not have a parliamentary majority against it. The Government has at its disposal several ministries, the Prime Minister's Committee and the Administration Department, which together constitute departments in the Government Offices, whose head of authority is the Prime Minister. For 1 year, the government makes decisions in about 10,000 cases, where the majority are completed so that decisions can be made without discussion.

History

The Swedish government has its origins in the council, called the "council" or "council of the kingdom", which surrounded the king from ancient times. The Council's activities have been established at least since the Middle Ages. During Magnus Eriksson's guardianship in the 1320s, the council began to be called "the council of the kingdom" instead of the older name "the king's council". In older times, the members usually consisted of great men. The different members had different titles that marked their function, among other things, the king's deputy was called riksdrots. After the 16th century, new titles were added, including national treasurer, these offices that had the function of the state were collectively called national officials. The term "council" still lives on in the word prime minister, which is the official title of the members of the government in addition to the prime minister. The Riksrådet was abolished by Gustav III after the introduction of the Association and Security Act during the Riksdag in 1789, and was replaced by the preparation of the Kingdom's general affairs. With the 1809 form of government, the Committee was given other tasks, and was replaced as a government body by the Government (which originally referred to both the collective and its individual members). Until the end of 1974, the King chaired government meetings, then called the Council (Royal Majesty). The ministers, all of whom were appointed by the King, were formally his advisers, and it was formally the King who unanimously made all government decisions and promulgated laws (royal sanction). Originally, the councils always took place at Stockholm Castle. After the 1974 form of government came into force on 1 January 1975, the Prime Minister chairs the government meetings and these have been taking place at Rosenbad since 1982. Councilors are still held at Stockholm Castle a few times a year. They are now meetings that involve informing the head of state about the government's current work, so-called information council, and the prime minister is obliged according to the form of government to keep the head of state informed about the state's affairs. Consortium is also mandatory after the Riksdag has elected a new Prime Minister. It is at the Council that the new government formally takes office.

Tasks

The implementation of the laws that the Riksdag has decided on Introduction of special application rules regarding different laws Initiative and appointment of state investigations Formulation of bills in the form of bills Writing of the state budget Appointments of governors, directors general of government agencies and more Pardons or mitigated punishment for convicted criminals Judicial decisions within the Supreme Administrative Court Foreign negotiations and representation The government is in principle responsible for everything that according to the form of government does not belong to the Riksdag, ie everything except budget regulation and legislation. This competence is usually called the residual competence. The government is, for example, the top head of the state administration and has the right to issue enforcement regulations to the laws and has the right to receive

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