The Swedish Parliament
The Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag, is Sweden's legislative assembly.
The representatives elected by the people at the national level, the members of the Riksdag, gather in the Riksdag, which has 349 members and is chaired by a Speaker. The constitutional amendment for universal suffrage was implemented in 1921, when the second chamber election in 1921 was also held. Men had admittedly had the right to vote in the second chamber since 1909, but in the first chamber, where the real power lay, they were given almost universal and equal suffrage; conscription was required for suffrage, while women were given universal suffrage. In 1922, the constitution was changed so that even adult men who did not fulfill their military service were given the right to vote. Parliamentary elections in Sweden take place every four years on the second Sunday in September. The Riksdag opens on the second Tuesday in September, every year except the years when general elections are held. Then it opens a few weeks later. In order for a party to have a seat in the Riksdag, at least four per cent of the votes in a general election or twelve per cent of the votes in any constituency are required (however, no party has ever won parliamentary representation through the twelve per cent rule). The mandates are distributed according to the adjusted odd-number method.
Historically, the word Riksdag can have three meanings: partly the decision-making and political body, partly the time period during the year when the Riksdag work is in progress (since the introduction of the current form of government in 1975 formally called "Riksdag") and partly the building itself. The Swedish Parliament has its seat in the Riksdag building in Stockholm.
The Riksdag is organized in sixteen parliamentary committees and in the EU Committee. The Foreign Affairs Committee occupies a special position as it is headed by the Head of State and is a consultative body between the Government and the Riksdag. The annual work of the Riksdag is divided into work periods called sessions. The Riksdag is represented in international bodies, such as the Council of Europe, the European Union, the Nordic Council and the United Nations. The function, directives and regulations of the Riksdag are prescribed by the Riksdag Rules of Procedure (RO).
The Riksdag, like the government, has authorities attached to it, which in several cases have the function of acting for the Riksdag's control power. At present, the Riksdag has twelve authorities, in addition to the Riksdag administration, which handles the internal administration:
Parliamentary Ombudsmen (JO)
The National Audit Office
Swedish National Bank
The Board for salaries to the Riksdag's ombudsmen and the Auditors General
The Party Contribution Board
The Riksdag's Liability Committee
The Riksdag's Remuneration Committee
The Riksdag's Appeals Board
The Government Remuneration Committee
The Election Review Board
The Foreign Affairs Committee
The war delegation The Riksdag's Nomination Committee is appointed by the Riksdag. It is a body that prepares the elections that take place in the House. It does not prepare the election of the Director General, the Speaker, the Chamber Secretary, the Ombudsman or the Auditor General.
Sweden's Riksdag constitutes the country's legislative power. It is Sweden's highest decision-making body, and the most important democratic assembly in the country. The Riksdag debates, formulates and decides on all laws in Sweden.
The work of the Riksdag consists, among other things, of considering proposals for new laws. These are available in two variants: bills, which are proposals written by the government, and motions, which are proposals written by individual members of parliament. These motions and bills are dealt with within the committee that deals with the subject area of the proposal and the committee's decisions are written down in a committee report. The members of the Riksdag also work with participating in work plans and scheduling plans, presenting written questions and interpellations to the Prime Minister and participating in debates. The work of the members of the Riksdag is largely ongoing within the committees.
The Riksdag also has several control tasks - it controls the work of the government and the authorities. One of the Riksdag's most important decisions is to adopt the state budget, which is submitted as a bill by the government to the Riksdag twice a year.