Speaker of the Swedish Parliament

Article

December 6, 2021

The Speaker of the Riksdag is Sweden's foremost representative of the Riksdag and leads the work of the Riksdag. The office of President is the highest office that a person can be elected to in Sweden. The Speaker is in rank after the head of state (the king) but before the prime minister, and can not be removed by a parliamentary decision during the period until the next parliamentary election. The current Speaker is Andreas Norlén, who took office after the 2018 parliamentary elections.

History

Sweden has a long tradition of presidents who go back to the time of the county parliament. The 1617 Riksdag Rules of Procedure stipulate that the Archbishop of Uppsala shall be chairman of the unsaved estates when the estates were gathered in the Riksdag. According to the Knights' Order of 1626, the Speakers were appointed by the King, but the title "Speaker" did not appear. The chairman of the nobility was the land marshal, the clergy were the archbishop, the bourgeoisie was the mayor of justice in Stockholm and the peasantry was represented by "sworn scribes". Of the peasants' scribes, Gudmund Jonsson in Bjärke was the first to use the title "Speaker" when he wrote during the 1689 Riksdag decision. It was not until the Riksdag's parliamentary order in 1723 that the post of Speaker became constitutional. At the same time, the king lost the right to appoint presidents. They were elected instead by the members of the respective estates. With the 1772 form of government, the 1723 parliamentary order was abolished and the king was again given the right to appoint the estates' presidents, an order that was confirmed by the 1810 parliamentary order and which continued to apply even after the representation reform and the introduction of the 1866 parliamentary order. Today's rules for the Speaker come from the 1974 form of government where the Speaker took over several of the tasks previously entrusted to the Head of State, and his work is also clarified in the 1974 Riksdag Rules of Procedure and in the most recent Riksdag Rules of Procedure from 2014.

Election of the President

The election of the Speaker takes place after the Riksdag has convened after a parliamentary election. There is a parliamentary tradition that states that the largest party appoints the Speaker after elections. The requirement, however, is that whoever is elected Speaker must sit in the Riksdag. It is common for the Speaker to come from one of the governing parties, but during the bourgeois government in 1976–1982, it was still Social Democrats who were elected Speakers, as Prime Minister Thorbjörn Fälldin (Center Party) in 1976 did not want to poke the sitting, esteemed Speaker Henry Allard (Social Democrat). ) and in 1979, some anonymous bourgeois parliamentarians chose not to vote for the bourgeois candidate Allan Hernelius (moderate), and therefore Ingemund Bengtsson (Social Democrat) was elected instead. Therefore, it took until 1991 before the unicameral parliament got its first bourgeois speaker when the moderate Ingegerd Troedsson was elected. A further exception is the current Speaker since 2018, Andreas Norlén, who has been elected for the Moderates despite the Moderates being in opposition during the 2018-2022 term. This is because the formation of the government after the 2018 election had not been completed before the election for president took place and that two of the parties that supported Norlén (Center Party and Liberals) changed sides from supporting the bourgeois prime ministerial candidate Ulf Kristersson to the Social Democrat Stefan Löfven between the election for president was held and that the negotiations regarding the formation of the government were completed. In other respects, the Speaker has been elected from the largest party in the group of parties that has had the Riksdag majority since 1973. Until the Riksdag has appointed a Speaker, the work of the Riksdag is led by its senior president, who is the Member of the Riksdag with the most years of service. Tasks of the President The President has three main tasks: to propose to the Riksdag a new Prime Minister, to lead the Riksdag

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