Swedish Prime Minister

Article

December 6, 2021

Sweden's Prime Minister is Sweden's Prime Minister. The Prime Minister leads the Government, whose Prime Minister is appointed by the Prime Minister, and is the head of authority for the Government Offices. The Prime Minister is elected by the Riksdag, since 1975 on the proposal of the Speaker, and it is the Speaker who issues the appointment on behalf of the Riksdag. The office of Sweden's Prime Minister was established on March 20, 1876, when the previous office of Minister of Justice was divided into Prime Minister and Minister of Justice. At the same time, the Minister of Foreign Affairs was replaced by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Since 1995, the Swedish Prime Minister has had his official residence in Sagerska huset, which is located in central Stockholm. The office holder also has access to the manor Harpsund in Södermanland, which has functioned as a recreational home since it was donated for this purpose to the Riksdag in 1953.

History

In 1809, the titles of Minister of Justice and Minister of Foreign Affairs were introduced in Sweden through the new form of government, which replaced the former President of the Chancellery. These were the main members of the government (government) but did not have the position of head of government, which instead went to the king. The Minister of Foreign Affairs became the highest official in the Royal Majesty's office at the same time as the informal position that the Prime Minister could transfer between different ministers, if such a position existed, but with Louis De Geer's appointment as Minister of Justice in 1858, this post began to be considered prime minister. . In a reform of the form of government in 1876, it was decided that there would be a prime minister, who would be the head of the cabinet, while another minister would be the head of the Ministry of Justice (and thus came to be called the Minister of Justice). The Minister of Foreign Affairs became Minister of Foreign Affairs, in everyday speech the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Sweden's first prime minister was Louis De Geer, who until then had been Minister of Justice. He took office on March 20, 1876. During the years 1876 to 1974, the Prime Minister's official title was "His Excellency the Prime Minister". In total, there were three people with the title of excellence "the excellences", who in addition to the Prime Minister were the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Marshal of the Riksdag. The last Prime Minister to use the title of excellence in Sweden was Olof Palme.

The office

Appoint Prime Minister

The democratic process for appointing Sweden's Prime Minister is regulated in the form of government, which is one of the country's constitutions. The Speaker submits a proposal to the Riksdag for a candidate for Prime Minister. This after having consulted with the representatives (often party leaders) of the party groups in the Riksdag, and then discussed this with the Deputy Speakers. The Riksdag votes on the Speaker's proposal for Prime Minister. If more than half of the members of the Riksdag vote no to the one proposed, the candidate will not become Prime Minister. After a parliamentary election, this step shall take place no later than two weeks after the newly elected Riksdag has convened. The appointed Prime Minister appoints on his own who will become Prime Minister, ie members of the coming government. The incoming Prime Minister shall notify the Riksdag of the future ministers. The respective prime minister is then often described at the same time as the minister responsible for certain political issues or the head of a certain ministry. If the Head of State is unable to carry out the Council, the President shall take his place. The Speaker also normally participates in the Council. The Speaker issues an appointment as Prime Minister on behalf of the Riksdag. The change of government takes place at the Council at the Palace, when the State

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