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December 6, 2021

Volcán de Agua is a volcano in the Sacatepéquez department of Guatemala. It has been inactive since the middle of the 16th century. At 3760 meters, the volcano reaches more than 3500 meters across the coastal plain in the south by the Pacific Ocean and 2000 meters over the highlands of Guatemala in the north. It dominates the local landscape except when it is obscured by clouds. The volcano is located 5-10 kilometers from Antigua Guatemala and several other major cities located on its northern side. These cities have a total population of almost 100,000 people. The volcano is located less than about 20 km from Escuintla (population, about 100,000) in the south. Coffee is grown on the lower slopes of the volcano. The local Kaqchikel people have always called the Hunapú volcano "the place of flowers". The Spanish conquerors also called it Hunapú until a landslide from the volcano in 1541 destroyed the old capital of Guatemala (now known as Ciudad Vieja, "the old city") and the city after the disaster moved to what is now Antigua Guatemala. As the landslide had caused a devastating flood of water, the modern name "Volcán de Agua" (Water Volcano) arose, as opposed to the nearby "Volcán de Fuego" (Volcano of Fire). The Kaqchikel people call the volcano Chi Gag, which translates to "where the fire is". Although the volcano has not been active since the mid-16th century, it has the potential to cause a flood of water, mud, rock and debris, which can flood nearby populated areas. The Volcán de Agua was declared a nature reserve in 1956 and covers an area of ​​4,450 hectares.

References

This article is based in whole or in part on material from the English-language Wikipedia, Volcán de Agua, September 28, 2008.

Notes

External links

Ideal Pictures Corp. Menace of Guatemala (Ideal What-Nots series), documentary from 1934, now stored in the Internet Archive. (English)

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