The dissolution of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Rozdělení Československa, Slovak: Rozdelenie Česko-Slovenska), effective on January 1, 1993, was a secession event of the Federal Republic of Czechos. Lovakia is split into two independent states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. This idea has been in existence since 1969 by the Czech Socialist Party and the Slovak Socialist Party under the framework of a federal republic.
This event is known as velvet cleavage which referred to the Velvet Revolution, in which no bloody events took place, which resulted in the ending of the Czechoslovak Communist Party's sovereignty and turning the country into a capitalist state.
Behind the scenes
Czechoslovakia was formed after the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I. The meeting was held in the year 1918 in Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania, USA, at which meeting Tomash Garik Mazaric, later President of Czechoslovakia, signed the Pittsburgh Agreement with the Czech Republic. A and Slovak It was agreed to be a joint state made up of two equal nations, the Slovak and the Czech.
However, some Slovaks disagreed with the change. And in March 1939, the First Slovak Republic was formed, a satellite state of Nazi Germany with limited sovereignty under the pressure of Adolf Hitler. It was later occupied by the Soviet Union in After World War II, the country was reunified into the Third Czechoslovak Republic.
In 1968, the new constitution was promulgated.