Auschwitz concentration camp

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October 19, 2021

Auschwitz (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) or Auschwitz-Birkenau (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz-Birkenau) was the largest concentration and death camp of Nazi Germany during the World War II The name of the camp comes from the city. "Oświęcim" (Oświęcim) after the invasion of Poland. In September 1939, Poland's Auschwitz was annexed to Nazi Germany and was renamed Auschwitz, the German name. Birkenau is a German name derived from "Brzezinka" (Brzezinka, birch), a small village not far away that was later destroyed by Germany. almost all Rudolph Hirst, the camp commander. Testified at the Nuremberg trial that up to 3 million people died at the Auschwitz concentration camp. But the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum revised the figure to 1.1 million. About 90 percent of those killed were Jews from most European countries. Almost all of the victims were killed in the gas chambers using sue mud bee gas. Other deaths came from starvation. forced labor lack of health care individual executions and "medical trials" in 1947 to commemorate the deceased Poland also established a museum at the site of the two concentration camps. Day of liberation of concentration camps on January 27, 1945 by the Soviet Army. It is a day to commemorate the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. (International Holocaust Remembrance Day) in 1979, designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

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