Toraja people

Article

May 28, 2022

The Torajas are an indigenous ethnic group in a mountainous area of ​​South Sulawesi Province. Indonesia It has a population of approximately 1,100,000, of whom 450,000 live in Tana Toraja; The majority of the population is Christian. The rest are Muslims or have a local spiritualism known as aluk; The Indonesian government endorsed this belief as Aluk To Dolo; "The way of the ancestors") The word Toraja comes from to riaja, which means "high people" in Bugiz. The Dutch colonial government first referred to the group as "Torajas" in c. 1909 The Torajas are known for their elaborate funerals. Burial site carved into the rock A Tongkonan style house with a large spire roof. and colorful wood carvings The funeral service of the Toraja people is an important social activity. It generally has hundreds of participants and is held over several days. Before the 20th century, Torajas lived in self-governing villages. There is a spiritual ritual and rarely have contact with the outside world It wasn't until the early 1900s that Dutch missionaries came to the area and convinced the Torajas to convert to Christianity. As the Tanato Raja district opened up more to the outside world in the 1970s, Tanato Raja has become one of the symbols of tourism in Indonesia. And it has been exploited for tourism development and has become an anthropological educational goal. It was in the 1990s when tourism in Tanato Raja reached its peak. Toraja society has changed drastically from social