July 3, 2022

Antarctica (English: Antarctica /æntˈɑːrktɪkə/) is the southernmost continent on Earth. It is located in the Antarctic region in the Southern Hemisphere and is the geographical location of the Antarctic. Almost all of them are in the Antarctic Circle and are surrounded by the Southern Ocean. It has an area of ​​approximately 14 million square kilometers. It is the fifth largest continent in the world, twice the size of Australia. 98% of the continent is covered in ice with an average thickness of 1.9 km, covering all but the northernmost part of the Antarctic Peninsula. On average, Antarctica is the coldest continent. the driest Strongest winds and highest average height Antarctica is a desert with an average of 200 millimeters of precipitation per year along the coast and inland areas. During the coldest third quarter of the year, temperatures average -63 °C, but (at Russia's Vostok Station) temperatures were as low as -89.2 °C (and were down to - 94.7 °C, as measured by satellites in space.) Some 1,000 to 5,000 people live in research stations scattered throughout the continent year-round. Organisms in Antarctica are algae, bacteria, fungi, plants, protists, and some animals such as ticks, mites, roundworms, penguins, fins and water bears. the tandra Although there are legends about the existence of the Southern Land since ancient times. Antarctica is listed as the last land on Earth in history to be discovered. Because no one had ever found them until 1820, Russian explorers Fabian Gotleep von Bellingshausen and Mikhail. Lazarev aboard the Sloop Vostok and the Murney Sloop Noticed the Fimbo Ice Shelf