China

Article

October 19, 2021

People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国; Traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó; English: People's Republic of China (PRC)) is an independent state in East Asia. It is the most populous country in the world with over 1.4 billion people and is a single-party state ruled by the Communist Party of China. Its capital is Beijing. China is divided into 22 provinces (excluding disputed areas of Taiwan), 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing), and 2 special administrative regions. including Hong Kong and Macau China has an area of ​​9.6 million square kilometers. It is the country with the largest total area in the world, ranked 3rd or 4th, depending on the measurement method. China's topography is diverse. From steppe forests and deserts in the arid regions of the northern part of the country bordering Mongolia and Russia's Siberia. and the subtropical rainforest in the humid southern regions bordering Vietnam, Laos and Burma. The western landscape is rugged and high. The Himalayas and the Tianshan Mountains form a natural border with India, Nepal and Central Asia. on the contrary The east coast of mainland China is a lowland. and has a coastline of 14,500 kilometers (11th longest in the world), which connects to the South China Sea in the south. and the East China Sea to the east There are also island countries nearby, including Korea and Japan. ancient chinese civilization which is considered to be one of the earliest civilizations of the world Thriving in the fertile Yellow River Valley which flows through the North China Plain China has seized on a millennium of monarchical political system.

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