July 3, 2022

Burma or Myanmar (Burmese: မြန်မာ, [mjəmà], myyah) is officially known as The Republic of the Union of Myanmar or the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်, [pjìdàuɴzṵ θɴməda̯ mjəmà nàiɴŋàɴdɔ̀] pai deng su tammada mayyama) is the state of Hainan. in Southeast Asia Bordering India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand, one-third of Myanmar's 1,930-kilometer-long border is a coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, with an area of ​​676,578 square kilometers. Myanmar is the 40th largest country in the world and the 2nd largest in Southeast Asia. Burma has a population of about 54 million, its capital is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Naypyidaw. Yangon The early Burmese civilization had the Tibetan-Burmese Pyu-speaking city-state in Upper Burma. and the Mon Kingdom in Lower Burma In the 9th century, the Burmese occupied the upper Irrawaddy River basin. and establishing the Kingdom of Bagan in the 1050s. Burmese language and culture along with Theravada Buddhism gradually dominated the country. The Pagan Empire fell due to the Mongol invasion and many states were born. In the 16th century, the Toungoo dynasty re-established unity. It was the largest emperor in Southeast Asian history for a short time. Later, in the early 19th century, the Konbaung dynasty ruled over Burma and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam. Burma after three Anglo-Burmese wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Before gaining independence in 1948, during the first period there was a democratic national government. and after the coup in 1962, Burma stayed