India

Article

August 13, 2022

India (English: India) or Bharata (Hindi: भारत, transliterated Devanagari into Thai Bharata, pronounced [ˈbʱaːɾət̪] bharat), or officially known as The Republic of India (English: Republic of India, Hindi: भारत गणराज्य, Bharathanarajaya) is a country located in South Asia. It occupies most of the Indian subcontinent. It is the second most populous country in the world. It is also the most populous democratic country in the world (approximately 1.3 billion). It borders China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north and Pakistan to the northwest. east of Burma Southwest to the Indian Ocean in the south east of Sri Lanka It surrounds Bangladesh to the north, east and west. It also has a maritime border with Thai, Burma and Indonesia territorial waters. and with an area of ​​3,287,590 square kilometers India is thus the seventh largest country in the world. Modern humans first settled on the Indian subcontinent about 55,000 years ago, making their living through agriculture and hunting. The Indian subcontinent is the most ethnically diverse region after Africa. People began to form a society 9,000 years ago in the Indus Valley, around 1200 BC. Ancient Sanskrit, which is a traditional Indo-European language family. Has spread to India from the northwest and about 400 years BC. The influence of Hinduism has given rise to the caste system in India. This was followed by the spread of Buddhism and Jainism. Political integration gave rise to the Moriya dynasty and the Gupta Empire, located in the Ganges. At that time, the male