Colombia

Article

August 19, 2022

Colombia (Spanish: Colombia, pronounced: [koˈlombja] (audio)), officially The Republic of Colombia (Spanish: República de Colombia) is a country in northwestern South America. It is bordered to the east with Venezuela and Brazil. The south borders Ecuador and Peru. North to the Caribbean Sea The western part connects with Panama and the Pacific Ocean. Covering an area of ​​1,141,748 square kilometers (440,831 square miles), Colombia uses Spanish as its official language. And with more than 70 dialects, Colombia has been inhabited by many indigenous peoples since 12,000 BC, such as Muiska, Quimbaya and Tyrona. The Spanish first discovered the land at La Guahira. In 1499 and by the mid-16th century the region became a Spanish colony. This was followed by the formation of a new kingdom of Granada. with Santa Fe de Bogota as the capital. It gained independence from the Spanish Empire in 1819 and became the United Province of New Granada. first became the Federation as the Confederation of Granada (1858), then the United States of Colombia (1863), and finally the Republic of Colombia from 1886 to the present. Since the early 1960s, the country has been The impact of war and political conflicts that escalated in the 1990s. Since 2005, security, stability and the rule of law have improved significantly. As well as economic growth and development, Colombia is one of the seventeen most biodiverse countries in the world. and the second largest in the world The entire territory of the country encompasses the Amazon rainforest, plateaus, grasslands and deserts, and is