November 27, 2021
Czech Republic (English: Czech Republic; Czech: Česká republika), commonly known as Czechia (English: Czechia; Czech: Česko, pronounced: [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)) Formerly known as Bohemia, it is a landlocked country. in the Central European region with the northern border to Poland in the west and northwest to Germany south to Austria and east to Slovakia Czechia has a hilly terrain covering an area of 78,871 square kilometers (30,452 square miles) with a continental and maritime climate. The Bohemian Duchy was founded in the 9th century under the territory of Great Maravia. It was officially recognized as the state of the Holy Roman Empire in 1002 and became a kingdom in 1198 after the Battle of Mohash in 1526. All the Hemias were gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. Bohemia Protestant Rebellion leading to the Thirty Years' War After the Battle of White Mountain The Habsburg monarchy also consolidated the rule of Bohemia. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemia Throne became part of the Austrian Empire. In the 19th century, Czechia's territory became more industrialized, and by 1918 most of the Czech Republic became part of the Czechoslovak Republic. number one After the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I Czechoslovakia was the only country in Central and Eastern Europe that used a parliamentary democracy throughout the wars.