French Guiana (pronounced: French Guiana) or Guiana Française (French: Guyane française, pronounced) is an overseas province (département d'outre-mer) of France. It is located on the northern coast of South America. North to the Atlantic Ocean East and south border with Brazil. and to the west, next to Suriname Like other French Overseas Provinces, French Guiana is also an overseas region (région d'outre-mer), which is one of 18 of France's regions. It is part of France in Europe and uses the Euro as well.
French Guiana was originally home to many Native Americans. French settlers during the 17th century occupied a convict settlement known as Devil's Island from 1852-c. 1951 A territorial dispute with Brazil later arose in the late 19th century in a vast forested area in the south. This led to the proclamation of an independent French state known as Counani, in the disputed region, as well as fighting between the settlers themselves. Before the dispute was settled by arbitration from the Government of Switzerland, Brazil had been largely the beneficiary. French Guiana then became a French Overseas Province in 1946. In the 1970s there was an immigration of Hmong refugees from Laos. The movement for more autonomy from France began in the 1970s and 1980s.