Memorial (Corporate)

Article

January 24, 2022

Memorial (Russian: Мемориал, IPA: [mʲɪmərʲɪˈaɫ]; Memorial) is an international human rights organization. founded in Russia and is the country's oldest human rights advocacy group. It consists of two subunits. Memorial International, which aims to collect and document the abuse of power and the suppression of citizens during the Stalin era. of the Soviet Union (USSR) and the Memorial Human Rights Center, which works to combat oppression in modern-day Russia. Memorial works as a movement rather than a standalone organization. Through 50 sub-organizations in Russia and 11 countries, a memorial began with the Perestroika movement in the 1980s with the aim of documenting oppression and to create a database of victims from The Great Purge. Gulag Between 1987 and 1990, under the Soviet Union, the organization had 23 branches that were formed after the passage of Russia. foreign spy law In July 2012, Memorial came under increasing pressure from the state. In July 2014, the Memorial's Human Rights Center was proclaimed. "foreign spy" (foreign agent) by the Ministry of Justice and in November 2015 it included the St. Petersburg Research Center as well, until 2016 it included all of the Memorial International Organizations. In December 2021, the Russian Supreme Court announced the closure of Memorial International for violating foreign spy laws. One of the organization's attorneys announced that an appeal would be made. The Human Rights Center was closed by the Moscow District Court the following day.

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