October 20, 2021

Malaria (English: malaria) or tremors, wild fever, malarial fever, malaria, or jaundice. It is an infectious disease of humans and other animals carried by mosquitoes. It is caused by protozoa parasites. (a type of unicellular microorganism) in the genus Plasmodium (Plasmodium). Typical symptoms are fever, fatigue, vomiting and headache. In severe cases, jaundice, seizures, coma, or death can occur. Malaria is transmitted by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito, and symptoms usually begin 10 to 15 days after the bite. If not treated properly A person may develop symptoms of the disease several months later. in those who have recently survived the infection Recurrent infections tend to have milder symptoms. Some of this resistance disappears in months or years if a person is not continually exposed to malaria when bitten by a female Anopheles mosquito, carrying the parasite from the mosquito's saliva into the person's blood. The parasite goes to the liver where it grows and reproduces. Humans can infect and pass on five species of Plasmodium. Most deaths are caused by P. falciparum because P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae generally cause less severe forms of malaria. An animal species, P. knowlesi, is found mainly in Southeast Asia. Direct malaria is diagnosed by microscopic blood test using blood film or antigen-based rapid diagnostic test. A method has been developed that uses a polymerase chain reaction to detect parasite DNA. But it is not widely used in areas where malaria is common. Due to its expensive and complexity, the risk of the disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites. using mosquito nets or insect repellent or with mosquito control measures such as spraying

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