Ivan Paul II

Article

July 5, 2022

John Paul II (lat. Ioannes Paulus PP. II, pol. Jan Paweł II, ital. Giovanni Paolo II; secular name: Karol-Yuzef Wojtyła, pol. Karol Józef Wojtyła; May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland - April 2 2005, Vatican City) — the 264th Pope of Rome. Roman Catholic Polish bishop, auxiliary bishop of Krakow, and later archbishop-metropolitan of Krakow and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle; The 6th sovereign head of the Vatican city-state. Saint of the Catholic Church, canonized in 2014. John Paul II headed the Catholic Church for twenty-six and a half years, the second-longest pontificate after Pope Pius IX, who held the position for 32 years. John Paul II is the first Slavic Pope in history, as well as the first non-Italian Pope since the Dutchman Hadrian VI, who served from 1522 to 1523. Poet and polyglot, as well as actor, playwright, teacher, philosopher of history, phenomenologist, mystic and representative of Christian personalism.

Biography

Childhood

Karol Józef Wojtyła was born in the town of Wadowice near Krakow in the family of a lieutenant in the Polish army and a teacher. He studied well at school. When Karol was 8 years old, his mother died, and at the age of 12 he lost his older brother. As a child, he was most fond of football, vice (skis), local cream cakes (Polish: kremówki) and theater. Dreaming of becoming a professional actor, at the age of 14, Karol tried his hand at the school drama club, while still in his youth he wrote the play "The Spirit King". He headed the school's Mary Society. At the age of 14, he made his first pilgrimage to the main shrine of Poland in the city of Częstochowa. In 1938, Karol received the sacrament of unction and received his secondary education.

Youth

In 1938, Karol entered the philosophy faculty of the Jagiellonian University and moved to Krakow with his father. At the same time, he continues acting in the experimental drama troupe "Studio 38". In the same academic year, he became a member of the Holy Eucharist and Mercy student society. When the Second World War began in 1939, Karol Wojtyla, a second-year student, had to leave his studies. He performs in an underground theater and avoids imprisonment and deportation only by working in a quarry. The young man regularly attended football club "Krakowia" games during his studies in Jagiellonian University