Indian subcontinent


July 5, 2022

The Indian subcontinent is a region in Asia located on the Hindustan Plate. Its northern border is the Himalayas, and in the south it is washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean. The Indian subcontinent includes the basins of the Indus and Ganges rivers, the entire territory of the Hindustan peninsula and the surrounding islands. The following countries are located on the territory of the Indian subcontinent: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan. Maldives and Afghanistan are also often included here. Because of the strained relations between Pakistan and India, the subcontinent is often referred to more politically correctly as the South Asian subcontinent, the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent, or simply "the Subcontinent," or South Asia. The total area of ​​the Indian subcontinent is 4.4 million km², which is approximately 10% of the total area of ​​the Asian continent and 2.4% of the Earth's surface area. 34% of the population of Asia lives on the territory of the subcontinent.


For several hundred million years, the Indian continental plate moved independently in the Indian Ocean to the north (Wegener's hypothesis). As a result of its collision with the Eurasian tectonic plate, the Himalayas arose.