Alan Turing

Article

July 5, 2022

|type of activity |academic title |academic degree Alan Mathison Turing (English Alan Mathison Turing; June 23, 1912, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, Great Britain - June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, Great Britain) - English mathematician, logician and cryptographer. Turing is often considered the father of modern computer science. Before World War II, he studied at the British Royal College of Cambridge and the American Princeton University. During the war, he worked on breaking the ciphers of the German command together with American scientists and the military at the British secret institute Bletchley Park. In particular, he participated in deciphering messages encoded by the German Enigma encryption machine. According to the historical literature, which is only now emerging after years of secrecy, this work, while not always successful, helped the Allies win some military campaigns and save thousands of lives. Made a significant contribution to the study of artificial intelligence; proposed an experiment that became known as the Turing test. He was sentenced for homosexuality to chemical therapy with female hormones. He committed suicide.

Early Biography

Alan Turing's father, Julius Matheson, was a Scottish aristocrat who headed the British colonial office in India. Mother - Ethel Sarah Stoney, was the daughter of the chief engineer of the Madras Railways. Alan was the second child in the family. He was born on June 23, 1912, in Warrington Lodge Hospital, London. Very rarely saw my parents who worked in India. At the age of 6, Alan went to the school of St. Michael in Hastings. At the age of 7, as the son of aristocrats, he studied at the Shernborn Public School. Already at school, Alan showed outstanding abilities in mathematics, while he was one of the worst students in the class in the humanities. Also at school, he realized that he is a homosexual, having fallen in love with a classmate - Christopher Morcom. Christopher died of tuberculosis before graduating from school. Because of this tragedy, Turing became an atheist. However, he continued to believe in the immortality of the human soul. In 1929, he tried to enter Cambridge University together with his best friend Christopher Morcom, but without success. Ch