July 5, 2022
|type of activity |academic title |academic degree Alan Mathison Turing (English Alan Mathison Turing; June 23, 1912, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, Great Britain - June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire, England, Great Britain) - English mathematician, logician and cryptographer. Turing is often considered the father of modern computer science. Before World War II, he studied at the British Royal College of Cambridge and the American Princeton University. During the war, he worked on breaking the ciphers of the German command together with American scientists and the military at the British secret institute Bletchley Park. In particular, he participated in deciphering messages encoded by the German Enigma encryption machine. According to the historical literature, which is only now emerging after years of secrecy, this work, while not always successful, helped the Allies win some military campaigns and save thousands of lives. Made a significant contribution to the study of artificial intelligence; proposed an experiment that became known as the Turing test. He was sentenced for homosexuality to chemical therapy with female hormones. He committed suicide.