Albania

Article

May 19, 2022

Albania (Albanian: Shqipëria, Republika e Shqipërisë [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), official name is the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë) is a state in southeastern Europe, in the western Balkans, on the coast of Ioan Coast. It borders Montenegro to the northwest, Serbia (partially recognized Kosovo) to the southeast, northern Macedonia to the east and Greece to the east, and shares a maritime border with Greece and Italy to the west. Population - 2.8 million people. The capital and largest city is Tirana. The official language is Albanian. Currency - lek. Geographically, the country reflects a variety of climatic, geological, hydrological and morphological conditions, defined in an area of ​​28,748 km2. Albania has an extremely diverse landscape, ranging from the snow-capped mountains of the Northern Albanian Alps to the Korab, Skanderbeg, Pind and Keravan Mountains to the hot and sunny shores of the Albanian Adriatic and Ionian Seas along the Mediterranean. Historically, the country has been inhabited by numerous civilizations, such as the Illyrians, Thracians, ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Venetians and Ottomans. In the 12th century, the Albanians created the autonomous principality of Arbanon. The Kingdom of Albania and the Principality of Albania were formed between the 13th and 14th centuries. Prior to the Ottoman conquest of Albania in the 15th century, Albanian resistance to Ottoman expansion into Europe, led by Georg Kastrioti Skanderbeg, was welcomed in much of Europe. Between the 18th and 19th centuries, cultural development widely attributed to Albanians united the nation's spiritual and intellectual strength, leading to the Albanian Renaissance. After the defeat of the Ottomans in the Balkan Wars, the modern nation-state of Albania declared independence in 1912. In the 20th century, the Kingdom of Albania was invaded by Italy, which formed Greater Albania before becoming a protectorate of Nazi Germany. Enver Hoxha formed communist Albania after World War II and led Albanians to oppression and decades of isolation. The 1991 revolution ended the fall of communism in Albania and led to the establishment of the present Republic of Albania. Albania is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic and a developing, high- and middle-income economy