July 6, 2022
England is a founding country in Western Europe, which is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The largest by area and population of the four countries of the United Kingdom and three parts of Great Britain. It borders two other parts of Great Britain — Wales to the west and Scotland to the north within the island of Great Britain. The name of the country comes from the name of the English tribe, one of the Germanic tribes that settled here in the 5th and 6th centuries. England has not been a political unit since 1707, when Great Britain was formed from the Kingdom of England and its dependent countries. The capital of England, London, is also the capital of Great Britain. Features: variability of the climate and variety of relief forms; high population density — among European countries, only the population of the Netherlands is denser. Exports: agricultural products (cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, rape), meat and meat products, electronic (software) and telecommunications equipment (main centers Berkshire and Cambridge), scientific equipment, textiles and fashion goods, oil and natural gas from the North Sea, petrochemical products, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, beer, kaolin, ceramics, porcelain and glass, film and television programs, sound recordings. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of England. England is home to major global banking and insurance companies.