England

Article

July 6, 2022

England is a founding country in Western Europe, which is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The largest by area and population of the four countries of the United Kingdom and three parts of Great Britain. It borders two other parts of Great Britain — Wales to the west and Scotland to the north within the island of Great Britain. The name of the country comes from the name of the English tribe, one of the Germanic tribes that settled here in the 5th and 6th centuries. England has not been a political unit since 1707, when Great Britain was formed from the Kingdom of England and its dependent countries. The capital of England, London, is also the capital of Great Britain. Features: variability of the climate and variety of relief forms; high population density — among European countries, only the population of the Netherlands is denser. Exports: agricultural products (cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, rape), meat and meat products, electronic (software) and telecommunications equipment (main centers Berkshire and Cambridge), scientific equipment, textiles and fashion goods, oil and natural gas from the North Sea, petrochemical products, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, beer, kaolin, ceramics, porcelain and glass, film and television programs, sound recordings. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of England. England is home to major global banking and insurance companies.

Geography

Landscape and rivers

Geographically, England includes the center and two-thirds of the south of the island of Great Britain, plus the offshore islands of Wight and Scilly. It borders two other countries of the United Kingdom: Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. England is closer to continental Europe than any other part of the island of Britain. It is separated from France (O-de-France) by a sea gap of 34 km, although the two countries are connected by the Eurotunnel near Folkestone. England also has access to the Irish Sea, the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The port cities of London, Liverpool and Newcastle upon Tyne lie on the tidal rivers Thames, Mersey and Tyne respectively. At 350 km is the Severn River, which is the longest river that flows through England. It flows into Bristol Bay and is distinguished by its Severn pines