Akhmatova Anna Andriivna

Article

July 5, 2022

|Lib Akhmatova Anna Andriyivna (Horenko; June 11 (23), 1889(18890623), Odesa, Kherson province - March 5, 1966, Domodedovo, USSR) was a Russian poet of Ukrainian origin, a representative of Acmeism. One of the representatives of the "Silver Age", a member of the Acmeist group "Poets' Workshop". Laureate of the Etna-Taormina International Literary Award (Honorary Doctor of Letters of Oxford University (Great Britain)).

Biography

She was born near Odesa in the family of retired naval engineer-mechanic Andrii Gorenko and Inna Erazmivna Stogova. In 1890, the family moved from Odesa to Tsarskoe Selo, where Anna studied at the Tsarskoe Selo Gymnasium in 1900–1905. Her first poem was published in the magazine "Apollon" when the poetess was 11 years old. 1903 — met the Russian poet Mykola Gumilyov and became a regular recipient of his poems. 1905 — after the divorce of her parents, Anna moved with her mother to Yevpatoria. 1906–1907 — studied at the Fundukleiv Girls' Gymnasium (Kyiv). 1907 - Mykola Gumilyov published poems by Anna Gorenko in his magazine "Sirius". 1908–1910 — studied at the law department of Kyiv Higher Women's Courses. 1909 — Gumilyov came to Kyiv for a poetry evening and once again proposed marriage to Anna. This time she agreed to the marriage. 1910 — married Mykola Gumilyov in the Mykolaiv Church on Mykylska Slobidka in Kyiv. In the same year, she visited Paris, then Italy. She debuted in literature with the collection of poems "Evening", but the book "Chotky" (1914) brought her fame. 1910 — attended the Higher Historical and Literary Courses of Raev in St. Petersburg. 1911 — the first publications under the name "Anna Akhmatova". Because of her father's ban on signing her poems with her own surname, she took the surname "Akhmatova" of her maternal great-grandmother. 1911–1915 — she visited Kyiv every year. 1912 — a son Lev was born in the family of Gumilyov and Akhmatova, a future historian. Akhmatova did not accept the Bolshevik October Revolution, but she did not leave Russia. In 1921, her husband Mykola Gumilyov was shot, at that time they were already divorced, accused of counter-revolutionary conspiracy, and later her son was imprisoned twice. The tragedies of the poet's personal life did not stop her active creative activity. In the 20s, Anna Akhmatova took a prominent position