Baron (fr. baron, from Old German baro — free) is one of the titles of the feudal aristocracy.
It arose during the Middle Ages during the formation of the feudal state. Originally, the concept of baron meant feudal lords who were direct vassals of the king. Later, this word became a title in France and Germany, the baron was considered below the count, in England the viscount and was on the 5th level of the feudal hierarchy. Sometimes, especially in England, representatives of the highest titled nobility were called barons in general.
Sometimes the Western European title baron is used as an equivalent for non-European titles in other countries. This practice was widely used in the 19th century.
In the German-speaking lands, the title fraiger was used alongside the title baron.
The title of baron (Japanese: 男爵, だんしゃく, danshaku) was used in Japan during the years 1869–1947. Persons who had this title belonged to the status of the kadzoku titled nobility.
An example can be the Chinese title nan (男, "man"), which was used to denote officials of the fifth rank (男爵). This title is often translated as "baron".
Ukrainian Soviet encyclopedia: in 12 volumes / ch. ed. M. P. Bazhan; editor: O. K. Antonov and others. — 2nd edition. — K.: Main editorial office of URE, 1974–1985.
Baron [Archived November 24, 2016 at the Wayback Machine.] // Legal encyclopedia: [in 6 volumes] / ed. col.: Yu. S. Shemshuchenko (rep. editor) [etc.]. — K.: Ukrainian encyclopedia named after M. P. Bazhana, 1998. — Vol. 1: A — G. — 672 p. — ISBN 966-7492-00-X.