May 19, 2022
Beowulf is a monument of the ancient Anglo-Saxon heroic epic, its most famous example (of the surviving ones). It is the oldest of all the national epic poems of medieval Europe. The monument has come down to us in a manuscript in the Old English language of the early 10th century, which almost burned down during a fire in the XVIII century (now this copy is in the British Museum in London). In the eighth century, the author told a version of events that could have taken place in the sixth century, and his followers continued to retell it until someone in the tenth century wrote it down. tonic poem, typically Old German. The hero of the poem is a warrior from the Heat tribe (a Germanic tribe from the south of Sweden) named Beowulf. This name literally translates as "bee wolf" (ie it is a metaphor (kenning) for a bear - that's why the hero prefers hand-to-hand combat; like a bear, he strangles the enemy in his arms). youth defeats the insurance Grendel (descendant of Cain) and frees Denmark from this bad. And in the second, the elderly King Beowulf, who ruled the Gauts for 50 years, kills a dragon that threatens his country, but dies of his wounds.