Bucha

Article

May 19, 2022

Bucha is a city in Ukraine, the administrative center of the Bucha City Territorial Community and the Bucha District of the Kyiv Region. Until February 9, 2006, Bucha was an urban-type settlement within the Irpin City Council, until 2020 it was considered a city of regional significance. Bucha City Day is celebrated on September 13. During the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, Russian troops massacred civilians in Bucha, known as the Bucha Massacre. On March 24, 2022, by the Decree of the President of Ukraine, the city was awarded the honorary award "Hero City of Ukraine" to commemorate the heroism, mass heroism and resilience of citizens who defended their cities during the repulse of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine.

Geography

Bucha is located in the Kiev region, 25 km west of Kiev in a forest area. The territory subordinated to the Bucha City Council is 2,657.6 hectares. It borders the city of Irpin, the villages of Vorzel, Gostomel, the villages of Mykhailivka-Rubezhivka, Blystavytsia. The city lies between the small rivers Bucha and Rokach - the left tributaries of the river Irpin. The city is surrounded by the lands of KSP agricultural firms "Kyivska" and "Rubezhivska", training and research farm "Vorzel" and forests of Staropetrivska forest research station. One third of the city is located in the forest-park zone. From east to west, the Kyiv-Kovel highway of international importance runs through the city center. The Kyiv-Korosten railway passes through the southern part of the city. The city has a railway station Bucha, and 2 stops: "Sklozavodskaya" and "Forest Bucha". On July 17, 2020, Bucha became the administrative center of Bucha district. The parts of the city whose names have developed historically are: Balanivka Forest Bucha (Buchanka), Мельники Glass factory, Apple tree According to the explanations of the Bucha local historian Anatoliy Zborovsky, the name of the city comes from the name of the river of the same name. Bucha River in ancient times was not as calm and quiet as it is now - it once raised bucha (bucha - native water that rises in the river during the melting of ice to the limit, buchaditi - to raise the water level above the limit, bucha - vortex or deep water pit). It is logical to assume that the name of the river comes from the nurturing of water, not from l