Warsaw

Article

January 22, 2022

Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa) has been the capital of Poland since 1596, a port on the Vistula River and the administrative center of the Masovian Voivodeship. The city is home to the central authorities of the Republic of Poland, foreign missions, headquarters of a large number of enterprises and public associations operating in Poland. Warsaw, with a population of 1,790,658, is the largest city in Poland and forms the second largest agglomeration in the country (after Katowice). Developed mechanical engineering (automotive, electrical, etc.), metalworking and metallurgy, chemical, perfume, printing, light industry. University (1818). National Museum (with K. Dunikovsky Museum), Archaeological Museum. "Great Theater", "Polish Theater", "People's Theater" and others. The city hosts the annual Warsaw Autumn Music Festival (since 1956). The first settlements on the territory of modern Warsaw date back to the X century. At the beginning of the 15th and 16th centuries it was the capital of the Principality of Mazovia, in the 16th and early 19th centuries of the whole of Poland, in 1807-13 of the Principality of Warsaw, and from 1815 of the Kingdom of Poland (part of the Russian Empire). After heavy destruction during the Second World War, the following were restored: the Old Town, the royal castle of the 16th-17th centuries, many churches, palaces and parks; Marshalkovskaya Street Ensemble (1960s). The historic center of Warsaw is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Etymology

According to the ancient Polish spelling - Warszewa or Warszowa, means "belongs to Warsz". Folk etymology describes the origin of the name of the city on behalf of the fisherman Wars and his wife Sawa. In fact, Warsz was a nobleman in the 12th / 13th centuries who owned a village located next to modern-day Marienstadt. The official city name is Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa. In Latin, Warsaw is spelled as Varsovia. A native or resident of Warsaw is a Varsovian.

Geography

Location

Warsaw lies on the banks of the Vistula, in the Masovian lowlands. The average height of the city - 100 meters above sea level, although there are some hills (mostly artificial), located within the city.

Climate

Warsaw's climate is humid continental. The average temperature is −2 ° C in January and 18 ° C in July. The temperature can reach 30 ° C in summer. Annual average numbers of Fr.

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