Warsaw Pact (1955)


May 19, 2022

The Warsaw Pact (Warsaw Pact; full official name: Warsaw Pact of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, Socialist Bloc, Socialist Camp) is an agreement of the socialist countries, signed on May 14, 1955 in Warsaw, Poland. Participating countries: Albania (did not participate in the work since 1962, and withdrew from the WD in 1968), Bulgaria, the GDR (withdrew from the WD after the unification of Germany in 1990), Poland, Romania, the USSR, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. On July 1, 1991, in Prague, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the USSR and Czechoslovakia signed a protocol terminating the Warsaw Pact. He formalized the creation of a military union of European socialist states with the leading role of the Soviet Union - the Warsaw Pact Organization (USSR ATS) and consolidated the bipolarity of the world for 36 years. The conclusion of the agreement was a response to Germany's accession to NATO. The treaty was signed by Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, the GDR, Poland, Romania, the USSR and Czechoslovakia on May 14, 1955 at the Warsaw Conference of European States for Peace and Security in Europe. The treaty entered into force on June 5, 1955. On April 26, 1985, due to its expiration, it was extended for 20 years. The Warsaw Pact proved to be a unique union that invaded only its members, for example, in 1956 in the Hungarian People's Republic, in 1968 in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. In connection with the transformations in the USSR and other Central and Eastern European countries, on February 25, 1991 the member states of the ATS abolished its military structures, and on July 1, 1991 in Prague signed a Protocol on the complete termination of the Treaty. The number of the Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in 1985 amounted to 7,562,987 soldiers.


It consisted of 8 socialist states with a total population of 405 million people, of whom almost 300 million - the USSR: Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics - members of the ATS

Terms of the contract

The treaty consisted of a preamble and 11 articles. In accordance with its terms and the UN Charter, the Warsaw Pact states undertook to refrain in their international relations from the threat of force and, in the event of an armed attack on any of them, to assist by all means at their disposal.