United Kingdom

Article

July 6, 2022

Great Britain (eng. Great Britain), the official name of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (eng. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), abbreviated - the United Kingdom (eng. the United Kingdom) is a sovereign state located in the northern west of Continental Europe, in the British Isles. The territory includes the island of Great Britain, the northern part of the island of Ireland and numerous small islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that has a land border with another sovereign country, the Republic of Ireland. All other borders are water: the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea, forming the 12th longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-reigning head of state. The Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global urban and financial center with a population of 10.3 million. Other important cities are Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Leeds and Liverpool. The kingdom unites four historical provinces (in English - "countries"): England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, whose capitals are London, Belfast, Edinburgh and Cardiff, respectively. Three of these countries have national governments with varying degrees of power, although their power is delegated to the UK Parliament, which can legislate unilaterally, unilaterally changing or reversing devolution (England has no devolved power). The nearby Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey are not part of the UK as they are Crown Possessions with the British government responsible for their defense and international representation. The United Kingdom has 14 overseas territories. British influence can be seen in the language, culture and political systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country, fifth in the world in terms of nominal GDP and ninth in terms of GDP taking into account purchasing power