Military bloc

Article

May 25, 2022

A military bloc or a military-political bloc is a military-political union or agreement of states for the purpose of joint action to solve common political, economic and military tasks. Military blocs and alliances were created in antiquity, but their importance increased especially with the birth of capitalism. The most famous military blocs in history were: the military alliance of France, Denmark, Sweden, Holland, and the Italian states, which opposed Spain in the Thirty Years' War of 1618-1648; The Northern Union (Russia, Denmark, Poland, Saxony, and later France and Prussia), which opposed Sweden in the Great Northern War of 1700-1721; coalitions of various European states that opposed France (late XVII - early XIX centuries.); military alliance of Great Britain, France, Turkey and Sardinia, which opposed Russia in the Crimean War of 1853-1856. . Before the First World War of 1914-1918, two main military-political alliances were formed: The Triple Alliance of 1882 (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy), opposed by the military alliance of France and Russia (1892), and The Entente (French: "Entente cordial") - a union of Great Britain and France (1904), transformed in 1907 into the "Triple Consent" ("Triple Entente") - a union of Great Britain, France and Russia. On the eve of World War II 1939-1945 The military bloc of fascist states, the Anti - Comintern Pact (1936), was established between Germany and Japan. in 1937 it was joined by Italy, and later by Hungary, Spain, and so on. At the beginning of the war he was opposed by the military-political bloc of Western countries (Great Britain, France, Belgium, Poland, etc.). In August 1941, the Anglo-American bloc (Atlantic Charter) was formed. In July 1941, the Soviet Union concluded an agreement with Great Britain, and in September signed a declaration of accession to the Atlantic Charter. By January 1942, the formation of the anti-Hitler coalition was completed, which included Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, France, and other countries (a total of 26 states). See also Military doctrine of Ukraine Martial law Military-political union of Soviet republics Triple Alliance Anti-Comintern Pact