Accession of Ukraine to the European Union


July 5, 2022

Ukraine's accession to the European Union has been on the current agenda for future EU enlargement since 2022, when it applied for accession amid the Russo-Ukrainian war, with the aim of gradual integration into the EU single market and eventual EU accession. It is one of the seven current EU candidate countries, along with Albania, Serbia, Moldova, North Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey. On February 28, 2022, shortly after the Russian invasion, Ukraine applied for membership in the European Union. The President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, asked for immediate accession under the "new special procedure", and the presidents of the eight EU states called for speeding up the accession process. The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said that she supports Ukraine's accession, but it will take time. On March 1, 2022, the European Parliament recommended making Ukraine an official candidate for membership, and on March 10, 2022, the Council of the European Union asked the European Commission to give an opinion on the application. On April 8, 2022, von der Leyen personally handed Zelensky a legislative questionnaire. On April 17, 2022, Ukraine completed work on the first part of the questionnaire, and on May 9, on the second. On June 17, 2022, the European Commission recommended that the European Council grant Ukraine the status of a candidate for accession to the European Union. At the same time, Brussels put forward demands for reforms, providing a list of seven points. These requirements must be fulfilled in order for Ukraine to retain its candidate status, because the EU can cancel its candidate status for membership if official Kyiv ignores the reform agenda. On June 23, 2022, the European Parliament adopted a resolution calling for the immediate granting of candidate status for membership in the European Union. Union for Ukraine. On June 23, 2022, the European Council granted Ukraine the status of a candidate for joining the European Union.

Chronology of relations with the EU

The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union was signed in 2014 after a series of events that stopped its ratification ended with the revolution in Ukraine and the overthrow of the then fourth president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych. A deep and comprehensive free trade zone with the U