Wilhelm He


January 22, 2022

Wilhelm Carl Werner Otto Fritz Franz Wien (January 13, 1864 - August 30, 1928) was a German physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize (1911) for his study of the phenomena of radiation and absorption of electromagnetic waves by a completely black body (Wine's laws).


Wilhelm He was born in the family of the landowner Karl Vin. In 1866 the family moved to Drachstein, near Rustenburg in East Prussia (now Kętrzyn, Poland). In 1879 he graduated from school in Rustenburg and in 1880-1882 he studied at the gymnasium in Heidelberg. In 1882 he studied at the universities of Gottingen and Berlin. From 1883 to 1885 he worked in the laboratory of Hermann Helmholtz and received a doctorate in 1886 (equivalent to a candidate of science). From 1889 he worked as an assistant to Helmholtz in the Imperial Physical and Technical Institution. In 1892 he defended his doctoral dissertation at the University of Berlin (a degree equivalent to a doctorate). In 1896 he became an associate professor at the Department of Adolf Wulner at the Technical University of Aachen. In 1899 he was a professor at the University of Giessen, but in 1900 he moved to the University of Würzburg as successor to Wilhelm Roentgen. In 1919 he moved to Munich, again as the successor to Roentgen. He died in 1928 at the age of 64. The laboratory at the Federal Institute of Physics and Technology (Germany) in the WISTA technology park in the suburbs of Berlin - Adlershof is named after Wine. Vin's cousin Max He (1866-1938) was one of the pioneers in high-frequency technology.

Early years

Wilhelm was born in Gaffenlor, a province of Prussia (now Primorsk, Russia) as the son of the landowner Karl Vin. In 1866 his family moved to Drachstein near Rustenburg (now Ketszyn, Poland). In 1879 Wilhelm went to school in Rustenburg, and in 1880-1882 he attended the city school of Heidelberg. In 1882 he attended the University of Göttingen and the University of Berlin. In 1883-85 he worked in the laboratory of Hermann von Helmholtz, and in 1886 he received a doctorate. with a thesis on the diffraction of light on metals and the influence of different materials on the color of refracted light. From 1896 to 1899, Wilhelm lectured at RWTH Aachen University. He succeeded Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen twice, in 1900 at the University of Würzburg and in 1919 at the University of Würzburg.

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