Wisconsin

Article

July 5, 2022

Wisconsin (English Wisconsin MFA: [wɪˈskɑnsən] Wiskansan) is a state in the north-central part of the United States above Lake Superior and Lake Michigan; 145.4 thousand km², population 5,363,675 (2000); the administrative center of Madison, the main city of Milwaukee; cities: Green Bay. Postglacial lowland with highlands; about 8.5 thousand lakes, the largest of which is Upper, Michigan; Mississippi River; about 45% of the territory is forests; dairy farming (the largest supplier of milk and cheese in the USA), growing corn, vegetables, horticulture; mining of iron and zinc ores; machine-building, metalworking, paper and dairy industries; tourism.

History

Wisconsin explored by Jean Nicolat for France in 1634; settled by the French near Ashland; transferred to England in 1763, became a part of the USA in 1783. Became a territory in 1836 and the thirtieth state of the USA on May 29, 1848. In the first half of the 19th century, Wisconsin became an important source of lead: at one time it produced more than half of American lead. As treaties and wars with the Indians opened up the territory to white settlers, thousands of miners, many of them immigrants from Cornwall, made their way to southern Wisconsin. During the lead boom, it even looked like the metal-rich southwest would become the state's most populous, and the city of Belmont briefly became its capital. By the end of the 1840s, however, readily available supplies were largely depleted—and many miners were lured away by the California gold rush. However, Wisconsin is still full of echoes of the events of this period. Galena is the symbol ("official mineral") of the state, and Wisconsin is nicknamed the "badger state": many miners, before building houses, lived with their families right in the mines - like badgers in holes. Place names like Mineral Point are also reminiscent of this period of Wisconsin history. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, thousands of immigrants from Germany and Scandinavian countries settled in Wisconsin.

Linguistic composition of the population (2010)

Cities

Madison Milwaukee Green Bay Eau Claire

Geography

The northern border of the state consists of Lake Superior and the complex border with Michigan, which runs along the Montreal and Menominee rivers in places. In the east, Wisconsin borders Lake Michigan, in the south with Illinois along the 42°30' parallel, and in the west with Iowa and Minnesota, mainly