The Habsburg Monarchy, the Habsburg Empire, or the Austrian Monarchy is the unofficial name of the territories that were under the rule of the Austrian branch of the Habsburg dynasty in 1200–1918.
The term is usually used to refer to the period from 1526, when the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand I annexed the lands of the Czech Crown and Hungary, to 1804, when the Austrian Empire was established. Until 1804, the territories under Habsburg rule did not have a common official name.
The term "Habsburg monarchy" is also used in a broader sense to refer to the period from 1276 (Austria's transition to Habsburg rule) to 1918 (the break-up of Austria-Hungary).
The name "Habsburg Empire" is also widely used to denote a community of state associations that were under the rule of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Habsburg, including Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, Franche-Comté, Lombardy, the Neapolitan Empire and the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Naples, .
The Habsburg monarchy (1526-1804) included the following territories:
Hereditary Austrian lands:
the Archduke of Austria (Lower and Upper);
the Duchy of Styria;
the Duchy of Carinthia;
the Duchy of Krajina;
Margraviate of Istria;
the county of Tyrol;
the counties of Gorice and Gradiška;
Lands of the Czech Crown:
the Kingdom of Bohemia;
the Duchy of Silesia;
Margraviate of Moravia;
Margraviate of Upper Lusatia (until 1635);
Margraviate of Lower Lusatia (until 1635);
The Kingdom of Hungary;
the Grand Duchy of Transylvania;
Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia. In addition, in some historical periods, the Habsburg monarchy covered the following possessions:
Austrian Netherlands (1713–1792);
the Duchy of Milan (1713–1797);
Kingdom of Naples (1713–1735);
the Kingdom of Sardinia (1713–1720);
Timisoara Banat (1718–1778);
Northern Serbia and Northern Bosnia (1718–1739);
Kingdom of Sicily (1720–1735);
the Duchy of Parma (1735–1748);
Kingdom of Galicia and Vladimir (since 1772);
Bukovina (since 1774);
Lesser Poland (since 1795);
Venetian region (since 1797);
Dalmatia (since 1797) Monarchs of the Habsburg dynasty were also emperors of the Holy Roman Empire in 1439–1806 (except for the period 1740–1745).