UN General Assembly

Article

May 25, 2022

| official_name The UN General Assembly is the main advisory, policy-making and representative body of the United Nations, established in 1945 under the UN Charter. The General Assembly consists of 193 UN members and is a forum for multilateral discussions on the full range of international issues set out in the Charter. It also plays an important role in the process of establishing and codifying international law. The Assembly convenes for its regular annual session from September to December and thereafter as required. In addition to regular sessions, the Assembly may hold special and extraordinary special sessions. Each State may be represented by a delegation of up to five persons. One member State shall have one vote in the General Assembly. Each country is represented in the GA by a high-ranking diplomat, but from time to time foreign ministers and even heads of state also attend GA sessions. Decisions on certain important issues, such as recommendations for peace and security and the election of members of the Security Council, are taken by a two-thirds majority of Member States; decisions on other issues are made by a simple majority of votes. Functions and powers of the General Assembly According to the Charter of the United Nations, the UN General Assembly has the following functions and powers: to consider general principles of cooperation in support of international peace and security, including in the field of disarmament, and to make appropriate recommendations; discuss and make recommendations on any matter relating to the maintenance of international peace and security, except when a dispute or situation is before the Security Council; organize research and make recommendations to promote international political cooperation, the development and codification of international law, the exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms and the promotion of international cooperation in the economic, social and humanitarian fields and in the fields of culture, education and health; to recommend measures for the peaceful settlement of any situation that could disrupt friendly relations between nations; receive and consider reports from the Security Council and other UN bodies; roz�