The Goblin (book)

Article

May 25, 2022

The Hobbit or There and Back Again, The Hobbit or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy fairy tale by English writer and philologist John Tolkien, one of the founding works of the fantasy genre. The book was published on September 21, 1937. The novel tells of Bilbo's journey in the company of gnomes and the wizard Gandalf to Mount Erebor. Along the way, they get into various adventures to finally defeat the dragon Smog, who drove the dwarves from their homeland, and return the treasures appropriated by him. The continuation of the tale is the trilogy "The Lord of the Rings". The book received a Carnegie Medal, an award from the New York Herald Tribune and from the children's magazine "Books for Keeps" - "The most important work of the twentieth century for senior readers." In total, more than one hundred million copies of this book have been published worldwide. The novel was first translated into Ukrainian by Oleksandr Mokrovolsky and published by Veselka Publishing House in 1985. Thirty-six years later, on December 24, 2021, the Astrolabe publishing house republished Mokrovolsky's translation, but without Belomlinsky's illustrations; instead, illustrations by John Tolkien himself were used. In 2007, the novel was translated for the second time by Ukrainian Olena O'Leary and published by Astrolabe.

Plot

The tale begins with a description of the home and life of the virtuous Bilbo Torbin - one of the people of korotun, called goblins. One day, the wizard Gandalf comes to Bilbo, offering to leave his cozy home for adventure and a great reward. However, Bilbo does not want to go anywhere. Gandalf marks his residence with a symbol, which means that an experienced kidnapper looking for a job lives here. Through this sign, the gnomes are followed one by one by the gnomes Thorin Duboshchyt, Balin, Dvalin, Fili, Kili, Bifur, Bofur, Bombur, Dori, Nori, Ori, Oin and Gloin. They say that they are going to the treasure of Thorin's grandfather and father - Tror and Train, hidden in Mount Erebor under the protection of the dragon Smog. Gandalf has a map of the way to the mountain, but the treasure cannot be returned without a skilled thief. The dwarves and the wizard still manage to persuade Bilbo to go with them, although he does not want to and convinces that he can do nothing. Fifteen of them go on a long journey. Along the way, they meet Elrond's elves and their ruler