Gorin Mikhail Nikolaevich


January 22, 2022

Mykhailo Mykolayovych Horyn (June 17, 1930, Kniselo - January 13, 2013, Lviv) - Ukrainian human rights activist, dissident and political prisoner of the Soviet era, People's Deputy of Ukraine of the 1st convocation, honorary chairman of the Republican Christian Party, elder brother of Bohdan and Mykola Horyn nephew of Nikolai Lebed.


Mykhailo Horyn was born into the family of Mykola Mykhailovych Horyn, chairman of the local Prosvita society and activist of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. Her mother, Stefania Danylivna Horyn (a Greek girl), was a peasant. Due to the participation of the head of the family in the Ukrainian underground in early December 1944, the Goryn family was arrested by the NKVD and sent to exile in Siberia. But even in Galicia, the guards allowed them to escape. After that, until the spring of 1945, the entire Goryn family lived underground. Then Mykhailo Horyn and his relatives moved to Khodoriv, ​​where they settled. From 1949 to 1955 he studied at the Department of Logic and Psychology of Lviv University. In 1953 he was briefly suspended from school for refusing to join the Komsomol. All this time he maintained contact with the Ukrainian underground, produced and distributed leaflets. In the following years he taught in various schools of Drohobych district, headed the district methodical office, worked as an inspector of Strilkivsky district VNO. From 1961 he was engaged in scientific activities, in particular, organized at the Lviv plant of forklifts the first in the USSR experimental scientific and practical laboratory of psychology and physiology of labor. At the same time, his first contacts with the sixties began. In 1963 he was one of the founders of the Lviv Club of Creative Youth "Snowdrop". Since then, relations between Mikhail Gorin and the authorities have deteriorated, and on August 26, 1965, he was arrested for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda." On April 18, 1966, in a closed session, the Lviv Regional Court sentenced Mykhailo Horyn to 6 years in a maximum security camp. His brothers Bohdan, Ivan Gel and Myroslav Zvarychevska were tried together with him. Mykhailo and his brother Bohdan also testified against Mykhailo Masyutko, who was accused of anti-Soviet activities and propaganda. The sentence was served in the Mordovian camps, but for the distribution of samizdat

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