A game console (or game console, game console, game console[source?]) is a specialized electronic device designed and built to play video games. Most often, the output device is a TV or, less often, a computer monitor.
Originally, game consoles differed from personal computers in a number of important ways: game consoles assumed the use of a television as the primary display device and did not support most of the standard peripherals designed for personal computers, such as a keyboard or modem. However, in the world of the development of game consoles, the difference between them and personal computers began to gradually blur — some consoles can allow the connection of a keyboard, a hard disk and the launch of the Linux operating system on them.
Sony (PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita)
Microsoft (Xbox, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Xbox Series)
Nintendo (Nintendo Switch, Nintendo Switch Lite)
A generation of game consoles
There are different generations of game systems, currently there are eight of them. The most famous representatives of the generations are listed.
The first home game systems (1972-1980).
Early 8-bit consoles with cartridge games (1976-1992). Atari 2600 was discontinued in 1992.
The era of 8-bit gaming systems (1983-2003). In 2003, the NES was discontinued in Japan.
Nintendo Entertainment System (Famicom), known in the CIS by its Taiwanese clone Dendy.
Sega Master System
The era of 16-bit game consoles (1987-2003). In 2003, the SNES was discontinued in Japan.
Sega Mega Drive / Genesis (1988)
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
32- and 64-bit gaming systems (1993-2006). PlayStation was discontinued in 2006.
Panasonic 3DO (1993)
Sega Saturn (1995)
Nintendo 64 (1996)
Period: 1998—2013. PlayStation 2 was discontinued in 2013.
Sega Dreamcast (1998)
Sony PlayStation 2 (2000) and the 2004 remaster.
Nintendo GameCube (2001)
Microsoft Xbox (2001)
Period: 2004 - ongoing
Nintendo DS (2004)
PlayStation Portable (2004)
Xbox 360 (2005)
PlayStation 3 (2006)
Nintendo Wii (2006)
Period: 2011 - ongoing
Nintendo Wii U (2012)
PlayStation 4 (2013)
Xbox One (2013) Portable:
Nintendo 3DS (2011)
PlayStation Vita (2011)
Nvidia Shield (2013)
Nintendo Switch (2017)