Democracy and democracy are a political regime in which the people are recognized as the only legitimate source of power in a state. At the same time, the state is governed by the people, directly (direct democracy), or through elected representatives (representative democracy).
Democracy is also sometimes defined as a set of ideas and principles relating to freedom, as it is an institutional freedom. In the words of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, democracy is government "in the name of the people, the forces of the people and for the people."
Etymology of the term
Borrowing from the Greek language; Greek δῆμοκράτία etymologically "people's government" is a complex word formed from the noun Greek. δῆμος "people"
and χράτέω «to rule, possess; to be strong ", associated with χράτος" strength, power ". However, power was not all adults, but only citizens, ie only those people who were part of the community, had civil rights and could vote, ie elect power and make important decisions. All other residents of the demo who did not have civil rights did not participate in the voting and management of common resources. [Source not specified 715 days] In modern Greek Greek. Δημοκρατία has acquired a new meaning and is used to denote the republic as a form of government.
The very word "δῆμοκρατία" was formed in the late VII century. BC BC - early 4th century BC to denote the political system that then existed in some Greek city-states, including Megara and Athens ("Unlimited Freedom", Athenian Democracy).
History of the term
Democracy originated in ancient Greece, the ancient Greeks were also the first researchers of its phenomenon. In addition, the following divisions of power were widespread in Greece according to the forms of government: "one ruler" (monarchy), "first, best, capable + power, authority" (aristocracy) and "people's government" (democracy). However, in ancient Greece (as well as in ancient Rome) slaves and foreigners were not considered citizens - demos.
Some medieval states were called democratic, because power belonged to the people (election of power), but a certain, fairly large part of society was not considered a people, the representatives of the rest did not have the right to vote. Therefore, some research