George Bernard Dantzig (November 8, 1914 - May 13, 2005) was a mathematician who developed a simplex algorithm (simplex method) for solving linear programming problems and is considered the "father of linear programming". Soviet mathematician LV Kantorovich). He was awarded the US National Medal of Science (1975) and the John von Neumann Prize (1974). He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Technical Academy, and the United States Academy of Arts and Sciences.
George Bernard Danzig was born on November 8, 1914 in Portland, Oregon, USA, his parents gave him the middle name "Bernard", after the writer George Bernard Shaw, in the hope that he would also become a writer. His father, Tobias Danzig, a German by birth, was a Latvian mathematician and linguist who studied at Henri Poincaré in Paris. Tobias married Sorbonne University student Anna Allison and immigrated to the United States. As early as the early 1920s, the family moved to Baltimore and later to Washington, D.C., where Anna Danzig became a linguist at the Library of Congress. Meanwhile, Tobias Danzig taught mathematics at the University of Maryland at College Park. George attended high school and was fond of geometry. His father instilled in him an interest in this science, often having heated discussions about its problems.
George Danzig received a bachelor's degree in mathematics and physics from the University of Maryland in 1936, and a master's degree in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1938. After two years at the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics, he enrolled in a doctoral program in mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, where he studied statistics under mathematician Jerzy Neumann. In 1939, he was late for class and mistakenly thought that the equations written on the board were homework. It turned out to be harder than usual, but in a few days he was able to solve it. It turned out that he solved two "unsolvable" problems in statistics, which scientists could not solve for years. This story became very popular, shrouded in legend, and in 1997 the film "Clever Will Hunting" was made based on it.
With the outbreak of World War II, George took resp