July 5, 2022
The Antarctic Treaty (English the Antarctic Treaty, French Traité sur l'Antarctique, Russian Treaty on the Antarctic, Spanish Tratado Antártico) is an international treaty signed on December 1, 1959 in the city of Washington (USA) and entered into force on June 23, 1961 after its ratification by 12 signatory states that took an active part in Antarctic research during the International Geophysical Year of 1957-1958 (Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, the Union of South Africa, the USSR, Great Britain, USA). Since the entry into force of the Treaty, 54 states have joined it, including Ukraine. The treaty defines the legal regime of the region, which covers about 10% of the Earth's surface and extends to the geographical space south of the 60th parallel of south latitude (including ice shelves, but not including the high seas governed by international law). The agreement is aimed at solving a number of important geopolitical issues in the specified region, such as arms control, postponement of territorial claims, ensuring international scientific and environmental cooperation.