January 22, 2022
An experiment is a set of experiments united by one system of their formulation, the interrelation of results and the method of their processing. As a result of the experiment, a set of results is obtained, which allows their joint processing and comparison. Experiment - an attempt, an experiment that requires confirmation or refutation, a form of cognition, one of the main methods of scientific research, in which the study of phenomena takes place in appropriately selected or artificially created conditions that ensure the emergence of those processes whose observation is necessary between phenomena. Important characteristics of the experiment are its reliability and validity. The experiment differs from the observation of active interaction with the object under study. Usually, the experiment is conducted as part of scientific research and serves to test the hypothesis, to establish causal relationships between phenomena. Experiment is the basis of an empirical approach to knowledge. Popper's criterion puts forward the possibility of setting up an experiment as the main difference between scientific theory and pseudo-scientific. An experiment is a scientific method of research that is repeated in the described conditions an unlimited number of times and gives identical results.