Enrico Caruso (February 25, 1873 - August 2, 1921) was an Italian opera singer and tenor.
Enrico Caruso was born on February 25, 1873 in Naples.
He made his debut in Naples in 1895. Caruso became famous in 1897 when he performed Enzo (Ponchoelli's Mona Lisa) in Palermo. In 1900 he performed for the first time at the La Scala Theater in Milan (Nemorino in Donizetti's "Love Potion"); in 1902 he made his debut at the Covent Garden Theater in London (Duke in Verdi's Rigoletto). The greatest fame is associated with the New York Metropolitan Opera, of which he was a leading soloist from 1903 to 1920.
Caruso recorded a lot - one of the first opera singers to record most of his repertoire on gramophone records. He had a voice of unique timbre, in which the natural baritone, velvety sound of the lower and middle registers was combined with brilliant tenor tops. Thanks to his exceptional breathing skills, impeccable intonation and, most importantly, high performing culture, he became a legend of vocal art of the twentieth century, a model for future generations of opera tenors.
Caruso performed lyrically and dramatically with equal success, mainly in Verdi's operas (Duke, Manrico in The Troubadour, Richard in Masquerade Bali, Radames in Hades) and Verist composers (Canio in Leoncavallo's Clowns) and others.). He was the first performer of the roles of Federico ("Arlesian" Chilea, 1897), Loris ("Fedor" Giordano, 1898), Johnson ("Girl from the West" by Puccini, 1910). Neapolitan songs occupied the main place in Caruso's concert repertoire.
Enrico Caruso died on the morning of August 2, 1921 in Naples at the age of 48 from purulent pleurisy.
37573 Enricocaruso - an asteroid named after the singer.
Caruso sauce is a sauce named after the singer
Ybarra, T. E. Caruso: The Man of Naples and the Voice of Gold. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1953. 315 p.
Caruso, Dorothy. Enrico Caruso: His Life and Death, with discography by Jack Caidin. Grant Press, 2007. 316 p.
Freestone J. and H.J. Drummond: Enrico Caruso: his Recorded Legacy. London, 1955.
Enrico Caruso on stage and in life / Translated. with English PP Malkov; General edition and afterword by MP Malkov M .: Agraf, 2002. 480 p. (Magic Flute Series) ISBN 5-7784-0206-6 1500 copies.
M. Malkov. Worthy of his greatness