Armed Forces of the Russian Federation


May 25, 2022

The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the Russian Armed Forces, were established by order of Boris Yeltsin on May 7, 1992, which established the Russian Ministry of Defense and subordinated Soviet armed forces in Russia. The number of active Armed Forces - 771 thousand people (4th in the world). Military reserves amount to about 2 million people, in the paramilitary formations are 359,100 people. The total number of servicemen is 3,396,100 (8th in the world). The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is the President of the Russian Federation (currently Vladimir Putin). In Russia, there is a general conscription for men 18-27 years with a service life of 1 year. It was planned to increase the number of contract soldiers to 70% in 2010. Russia's military budget for 2008 was 956 billion rubles ($ 36.8 billion in 2008 prices). In 2010 it amounted to 1 trillion. 320 billion rubles ($ 52 billion in 2010 prices). In 2012, it was planned about 1 trillion. 540 billion rubles ($ 64 billion in 2012 prices). On November 17, 2017, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed Decree № 555 "On Establishing the Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation", which sets the number of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation at 1,902,758 units, including 1,013,628 servicemen. The decree comes into force on January 1, 2018.


In February 2018, it was announced that the Russian Armed Forces intend to restore political control and positions of political instructors. The new-old structure will be created on the basis of the already existing personnel management. It will be endowed with broad powers. The state defense order for 2018 is 1.5 trillion Russian rubles (about $ 28 billion). The armed forces are to receive 160 aircraft, 10 boats and 14 space-based systems. The ground forces will receive 500 units of missile and artillery weapons on the armored chassis. Air and space units will receive new Su-34, Su-35C and Su-30C, Mi-28 and Ka-52 helicopters. Air defense units should receive S-400 and Pantsir-S. In May 2019, a new position was introduced in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - Chief Sergeant. Deputy Defense Minister Nikolai Pankov said in 2011 that such a position could appear in the army. A similar position exists in NATO countries, d