August 13, 2022

California is a state covering the southern half of the west coast of the United States. With a population of 39 million and an area of ​​410,000 square kilometers, California is the largest American state by population and the third largest by area. The capital of California is Sacramento, the most populated city is Los Angeles. The territory of the current state of California was inhabited by Indians when European explorers first reached it in the 16th century. Beginning in 1769, Spain colonized the coastal areas of this territory, which became part of Mexico after Mexico declared independence in 1821. Mexico essentially neglected California for the next 25 years—and as a result of the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), the territory was captured only 500 American soldiers and sailors. After the war, the territory was purchased by the United States under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Therefore, during the California gold rush of 1848-49, an additional 90,000 people immigrated to this area, and in 1850 California became the 31st state of the United States. The state's sunny climate has given it a resort reputation compared to the East Coast of the United States. California has the sixth largest economy in the world, $3.2 trillion (as of 2019); it accounts for almost 15% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the United States ($21.43 trillion in 2019). The main sectors of the economy include agriculture, the entertainment industry, light industry and tourism. California is also home to several important economic areas such as Hollywood (entertainment), California's Central Valley (agriculture), Silicon Valley (computers and high technology), and Wine Country (wine).

Origin of name

Originally, California was the name of a large area consisting of the Mexican peninsula, now known as California (Baja California) and the American state of California. The territory of the modern states of Nevada, Utah, Arizona and Wyoming also belonged to Spain and Mexico, but were almost completely undeveloped. The name is believed to derive from the mythical paradise of Calafia depicted in the collection of tales Amadís de Gaula by the 16th-century Spanish romantic García Rodríguez de Montalvo, which in the book was an unreachable shore full of gold.