Canary Islands


January 22, 2022

The Canary Islands (Latin: Canis - "dog" and Spanish: Las Islas Canarias - "dog islands") - a group of islands of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean, located off the northwest coast of Africa, 100 km from the border between Morocco and Western Sahara. The patroness is the Virgin Mary of Candelaria.

Administrative structure

Administratively, it is one of the 17 Spanish Autonomous Communities. The functions of the capital are divided between the cities of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, which are the centers of the provinces of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas. The islands got their name from the large dogs that were found on the islands. The ancient Roman scholar Pliny the Elder wrote about this. This is also evidenced by 2 dogs depicted on the coat of arms and flag. Flag of the Canary Islands - placed vertically blue-yellow stripes. Yellow, or rather canary, color on the flag symbolizes the freedom of a bird native to the Canary Islands, known as the canary. The province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife consists of the islands of Tenerife, La Palma, Homer and Hierro, the province of Las Palmas - of Gran Canaria, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. Sights of the islands - the pyramids of Guimar and the highest peak in Spain - Teide (3718 m), on the island of Tenerife. There are Northern Hemisphere Observatories on the island of La Palma (1981). The conditions for observations here are extremely favorable - no artificial light is needed, because there are no fogs. Politically in the Canary Islands is the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands of the Kingdom of Spain.


The archipelago consists of seven large inhabited islands and 6 small ones. In the center is the largest and most populous island - Tenerife (Tenerife) with an area of ​​2034 square meters. km. To the west are the islands of Gomera (La Gomera, 378 km2), Hierro (Spanish: El Hierro, 277 km2) and La Palma (Spanish: La Palma, 708 km2). The island of Gran Canaria is located east of Tenerife. It is the third largest island in the archipelago (1560 km2). Further to the east are Fuerteventura (Spanish Fuerteventura, 1660 km2) and Lanzarote (Spanish Lanzarote, 795 km2). Of the six small islands, only Graciosa (La Graciosa, 7 km2) is home to humans. To the east are the islands of Allegrans (10 km2), Montagna Clara (1 km2), Lobos (6 km2), Roque del Oeste (Roque del Oeste) and Roque del Este. Geographically, the Canary Islands are included�

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