Chinese space station

Article

July 5, 2022

The China Space Station (CSS) is a planned orbital station that will be placed on the Earth's UFO. Its mass will be up to 100 tons (with spacecraft), which is about one fourth of the mass of the International Space Station, and it will be the same size as the decommissioned Mir orbital station. After the launch of the two Tiangong-1 and Tiangong-2 ministries and carrying out various tests and research on them, the ISS will be the next step in the development of China's space program. On April 29, 2021, the central module was launched into orbit. 11 more launches will be needed to fully complete the assembly, the total mass of the station will grow to 100 tons.

History

In 1994, Russia sold some of its advanced aerospace technology to the Chinese. In 1995, an agreement was signed between the two countries to transfer the technologies of the Russian Soyuz manned spacecraft to China. The contract included training, provision of descent capsules, life support system for crew members, docking system and spacesuits. In 1996, two Chinese cosmonauts — Wu Jie and Li Qinglong — began training at the Astronaut Training Center named after Yuri Gagarin in Russia. After training, they returned home and trained other Chinese astronauts. Hardware and information sold by the Russians led to the modification of the Shenzhou spacecraft. China began preliminary research on the docking mechanism in the mid-1990s, collaborating with Russia in the early stages of development. In 2009, a system of design, production and testing of the docking mechanism was already created. China's Tiangong space station development program began in 1992 as Project 921-2. Phase 1 of it was the independent launch by China in 2003 of its cosmonaut Yan Liwei. During Phase 2, Tiangong-1 and Tiangong-2 space laboratories were launched (the launch of the third was decided to be canceled). Two crew members stayed on the second for 30 days. These laboratories became prototypes of a large Chinese orbital station.

Construction

The launch of the Tianhe Central Module (Chinese: 天和, Ukrainian: Heavenly Harmony) took place on April 30, 2021, using the Velikiy Pohid-5B rocket. It will provide life support for three crew members and control