Deck (wood)


August 8, 2022

A log is the trunk of a felled (sawed) tree, cleaned of branches. The word log comes from the Prosl. *kolda ("log", "churbak", originally "something split, cut off"), formed from *kolti ("stab", "chop", "split").


In dialects, a dozen other designations can be used for a log: бервено́, дели́на (the homophonic дили́на, дил is interpreted as "rough board"; the second is also used as a collective), klots, ко́бок, ковба́н, трам, триам. A round (cylindrical) log is called kruglyak (pron. vybel, vyblek, vyblyak), a square (barred) log is called brus, brusk (in dialects the word rúbanka is also known). Short cuttings of logs are called logs, otsupkams (in the colloquial language, churbaks or oaks, dial. ridges).


It is used as production wood. From the logs they build ("cut down") log cabins and other wooden structures. In addition to whole logs, the material obtained as a result of their processing is also used. Nowadays, these are most often products of sawing (lumber) produced on sawmill frames (boards, beams, slats, rails, skirting boards), as well as milled materials (plinths, balusters, etc.). In the olden days, manual sawmills used special machines for sawing logs lengthwise (known in some localities as "Thracian sawmills"), where two sawyers cut the wood, one from above, the other from below. Logs could be split lengthwise into semicircular cross-section halves (in dialects they are known as plates, dies, traps), which were widely used instead of boards for arranging platforms, floors, and shelves. Thin planks made of wood chips (dranitsa, dranka) were used as roofing material, and narrow slats (skipu, luchynu) were used for lighting. Hollow logs (hollows, logs) were used as birdhouses and beehives (the latter are also called boards). Examples of use Gymnastic log — a projectile for gymnastics in the form of a log 5 m long, 10 cm thick, installed at a height of 1.25 m Babchar is a stump of a log, into which a dragonfly is driven with the lower part for riveting braids. Bhalnya - two short logs dug into the ground next to each other, between which sled rails bend ("run"). Drovitnya (in dialects also drovitnya, kovbytsia) is a short log, you